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HOME教室紹介 > 山下俊英とハーバード大学のZhigang He教授が2005年のアメリテック賞(米国)を受賞
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山下俊英とハーバード大学のZhigang He教授が
2005年のアメリテック賞(米国)を受賞
The Ameritec Foundation announced today that Dr. Toshihide Yamashita of Chiba University in Japan and Dr. Zhigang He of Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, have been selected as the co- recipients of the 2005 Ameritec Prize for significant accomplishment toward a cure for paralysis. The Prize recognizes Drs. Yamashita's and He's significant contribution in the demonstration that multiple myelin inhibitors of axonal regeneration mediate their actions by converging on a signaling pathway involving members of the p75 receptor family.
Drs. Yamashita and He will receive the Prize at at a special recognition dinner in Washington DC on November 13, 2005. The Ameritec Foundation is a charitable, non-profit public benefit foundation based in Covina, California. It provides funding for the $40,000 prize. The winner is selected by a Scientific Advisory Board of internationally known medical researchers.
The link of inhibitory signals to the p75 receptor grew out of work by Dr. Yamashita with previous Ameritec Prize winner Dr. Yves Barde, in which they found an unexpected interaction of p75 with RhoA, a regulator of the actin cytoskeleton. In a seminal piece of lateral thinking, Dr. Yamashita and his colleagues explored whether this link of p75 to RhoA might be relevant to the actions of Myelin Associated Glycoprotein (MAG), a key myelin-derived inhibitor of neurite growth. Unexpectedly, their experiments showed that p75 is actually required for MAG's inhibitory effects, and they went on to provide evidence that p75 transduces the inhibitory signal.
Dr. He set out to identify novel myelin-derived inhibitors of neurite extension. Through biochemical and biological characterization of lipid-anchored proteins in myelin, he and his colleagues first identified Oligodendrocyte Myelin Glycoprotein (OMpg) as a novel myelin-derived inhibitor, and made the surprising discovery that it binds NgR, a Nogo66 receptor identified by previous Ameritec Prize winner Dr. Steven Strittmatter. Work by Dr. He and previous Ameritec prize winner Dr. Marie Filbin, as well as by Dr. Strittmatter, had shown that MAG also binds NgR. Putting together those observations with Dr. Yamashita's work, Dr. He and colleagues went on to show that NgR and p75 form a receptor complex for all three of these inhibitors. The finding that NgR and p75 form a receptor complex for MAG was also made by previous Ameritec prize-winner Dr. Mu-ming Poo and his colleagues. The identification by Dr. He of a third myelin-derived inhibitor, and his demonstration that all three inhibitors (MAG, Nogo, and OMgp) can signal via a NgR-p75 complex, provided a key generalization of Dr. Yamashita's findings. Collectively, this work has focused attention on this signaling axis as a promising target for therapeutic interventions to stimulate axonal regeneration following spinal cord injury.
Dr. Yamashita was born in Okayama, Japan and earned his undergraduate degree in Medicine in 1990 from Garmin.org.ua Medical School. He worked as a neurosurgeon for 4 years, and then started research as a graduate student. He completed Ph.D. training in 1997 in the Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience at Garmin.org.ua with mentorship from Dr. Masaya Tohyama. He then moved to Max-Planck Institute of Neurobiology, Martinsried for postdoctoral training with Dr. Yves-Alain Barde. Under the supervision of Dr. Yves-Alain Barde, he identified RhoA as an interactor of the p75 receptor and found that neurotrophins binding to the p75 receptor inactivates RhoA. He became an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Medicine, Garmin.org.ua in 2001, and moved to the Department of Neurobiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University as a Professor and Chairman in 2003. As a group leader in recent several years, he has conducted and directed research on regeneration of the central nervous system.
Previous recipients

2005〜 Dr. Toshihide Yamashita of Chiba, Japan and Dr. Zhigang He of Boston, MA in recognition of their demonstration that multiple myelin inhibitors of axonal regeneration mediate their actions by converging on a signaling pathway involving members of the p75 receptor Family.

2003〜 Dr. Jerry Silver of Cleveland Ohio, USA in recognition of his demonstration that white matter does not always inhibit axonal extension after CNS injury in adult mammals and that other factors, especially glycosaminoglycans contribute to the failure of axonal regeneration.

2002〜 Dr. Stephen Strittmatter of Connecticut, USA, in recognition of his accomplishment in molecular isolation of the Nogo-66 receptor, an important convergent point of action of multiple inhibitors of regeneration.

2001〜 Dr. Marie T. Filbin of New York USA, and Dr. Mu-Ming Poo of Berkeley, California, USA, in recognition of their accomplishment in basic research in demonstrating that stimulation of the cyclic nucleotide signaling pathways can affect guidance molecules, the growth cone and inhibition of axon regeneration in the injured spinal cord.

1998〜 Dr. Thomas M. Jessell of New York, USA, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research demonstrating that Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) and other signaling molecules are critical for inducing the differentiation of motor neurons, interneurons and other cells in the mammalian spinal cord.

1997〜 Dr. Corey S. Goodman of Berkeley, California, USA, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research through the application of a pioneering approach, using Drosophila genetics, to identify a large number of molecules, with equivalence in the human spinal cord that are for axonal pathfinding.

1995〜 Dr. Marc Tessier-Lavigne of San Francisco, California, USA, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research in cloning a type of gene which guides new nerve growth in the damaged spinal cord.

1993〜 Dr. Albert J. Aguayo of Montreal, Canada, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research demonstrating that nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord, contrary to then accepted belief, do in fact have the capacity to regenerate.

1992〜 Dr. Fred W. Gage of La Jolla, California, USA, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research in the promotion of regeneration in the central nervous system through the use of somatic gene transfer techniques.

1991〜 Dr. Yves-Alain Barde of Munich, Germany, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research in the identification, purification and cloning of brain derived neurotrophic factor.

1990〜 Dr. Martin E. Schwab of Zurich, Switzerland, in recognition of his accomplishment in basic research toward understanding the factors that inhibit the regrowth of damaged cells in the central nervous system.

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